Distracted driving is a very dangerous kind of driving. This has led to numerous accidents in past and has taken a huge number of lives involving both passengers and drivers. If we see the study, it has been stated that more than ninety percent of crashes that have happened involved human error. So as to prevent crashes that lead to death or unintentional injury, one must be alert and attentive at all times while driving. With the rapid increase in the adoption of smartphones, distracted driving is becoming a hot topic in terms of traffic safety.
What is Distracted Driving?
Any activity that diverts the attention of the driver while driving is counted under distracted driving. Whether it is texting or talking on your phone, drinking & eating, talking to people present in the car, or fiddling with the stereo, navigation, or entertainment system, anything that is taking the driver’s attention away from driving is distracted driving.
Types of Distraction
One cannot drive safely unless driving has the driver’s full attention. Any non-driving activity driver engages in is a potential distraction that increases the risk of crashing. There are majorly three types of distractions while driving.
Visual: Any distraction that involves taking the driver’s eyes off the road is a visual distraction.
Manual: Any distraction that involves taking the driver’s hands off the wheel is a manual distraction.
Cognitive: Any distraction that leads to taking the driver’s mind off driving is a cognitive distraction.
Preventing Distracted Driving
Both drivers and passengers can take actions on their end to prevent distracted driving.
Drivers should never multitask while they are driving. Whether it is adjusting the mirrors, eating a sandwich, picking the music, reading a text or email, or making a phone call. All these should either be done before or after the trip ends and not during the trip.
There are a lot of apps in the market that help users avoid phones while they are driving. Such apps should be used to avoid distractions while driving.
Passengers should always speak up when they see their driver distracted.
Passengers can also help in reducing the distractions for drivers by assisting them with navigation or any other tasks.